In This Review

Science in Contemporary China
Science in Contemporary China
Edited by Leo A. Orleans
Stanford University Press, 1980, 599 pp.

A collection of 28 papers by American scientists on science in China. Attention to the social sciences is limited, but one of the most interesting articles is a review by Harry Harding of the kinds of research now going on in China on contemporary political issues. There is a fair amount of research on the Soviet Union. Chinese specialists have attempted to define "social imperialism" and to explain why and how the Soviet Union became such a power. The question has aroused much controversy. A similar debate goes on concerning the question of when the Soviet Union became "revisionist." (In 1956, when Khrushchev launched "de-Stalinization," or during the Stalinist period itself?) And some reevaluation of the Soviet political and economic system appears to be going on. Some Chinese scholars have recently begun to ask whether certain features of the Soviet Union may be "socialist," rather than "revisionist," in nature.