This is the best inclusive account of Indonesia's foreign policy since independence. The author stresses Indonesia's acute consciousness of national vulnerability. There is no historical precedent for the Indonesian state within its contemporary territorial bounds; nor does there exist a pre-colonial basis for national unity in any single great cultural tradition. Hence the sense of vulnerability, but coexisting with this is an abiding sense of regional entitlement. It is the deep-seated ambivalence between these two perspectives that has been a persistent feature of Indonesia's foreign policy.