A concise analysis of the American debate over arms control measures from the atmospheric test ban treaty of 1963 to the present. The author demonstrates the continuity of positions held by the participants throughout. There are two "camps": those who stress security through military means and those who believe above all in arms control or disarmament. The camps in turn, contain "operationalists," who pursue arms control but with differing emphases, and "ideologues," who reject arms control in favor of superiority, at one end of the spectrum, or in favor of disarmament, at the other end. The book makes sense out of what is a very complex business.