The appropriate role of military force, arms transfers, and diplomacy are carefully and broadly discussed in this excellent Brookings volume. Although focusing on American military strategy, McNaugher would encourage countries such as Jordan, Pakistan and Great Britain to continue their historical involvement in Gulf security. The American role, it is argued, should focus on protecting the oil-rich states from external threats and deterring Soviet encroachment. This requires greater "agility," i.e., improved airlift and sealift capabilities. Because it is not a cry of alarm for urgent action but a calm plea for marginal and feasible improvements, the author's recommendations are highly credible.