In a very provocative analysis, the author places China's attitude toward South Asia in the context of its global strategy. China sees Moscow's "southern strategy" as one designed to complete the encirclement of China from the south. China's "counterencirclement" strategy hinges on Pakistan, Afghanistan and the Indian Ocean, in that order. The three sections of the book are divided accordingly. The concluding section offers suggestions for Sino-American strategic cooperation in that region, including the establishment of a joint coordinating committee among the U.S., China and Pakistan that would plan for different military contingencies involving Soviet threats to security in the region. But given China's professed policy of "independence" from both superpowers, would she be likely to enter into such an arrangement?