According to the author, the "Sino-Japanese axis" constitutes a new force in Asia and the world at large. "On the one side, there is Japan, loaded with high technology but virtually devoid of raw materials; on the other, China, with an abundance of natural resources but short on technology. The circumstances too are propitious for such a union, given their possession of a common cultural heritage and Japan's immediate experience as one of the few successful modernizers in the non-Western world. . . ." While all this is true, it falls far short of an "axis." Neither Japan nor China, nor the two together, have sufficient military power to balance that of the Soviet Union without American support. Moreover, the legacy of the past, China's huge trade deficit with Japan, and many other factors will set limits on this relationship, important as it is.