In This Review

Asian-Pacific Security: Emerging Challenges and Responses
Asian-Pacific Security: Emerging Challenges and Responses
Edited by Young Whan Khil and Lawrence E. Grinter
Lynne Rienner, 1986, 274 pp

This is a well edited and useful collection of essays on the security environment in East Asia, including a particularly cogent summary of China's strategic thinking by Robert Sutter. According to Sutter, whereas China once saw the Soviet Union as an immediate threat to its security, it now sees it as more of a long-term threat. Beijing believes that the focus of Soviet attention is in Europe but that the strength of NATO requires Moscow to work in other regions, notably the Middle East, Southwest Asia, Africa and East Asia, in order to outflank Western defenses. China is seen as a relatively low priority to Soviet strategists, but Chinese leaders clearly appreciate the dire consequences if the U.S.S.R. were able to consolidate its position elsewhere and then focus on China. China's strategy, therefore, aims basically to obstruct Soviet expansion in general and to raise the possibility of a multi-front conflict if the U.S.S.R. tries to attack China. Cooperation with the United States is especially important.