In This Review

The Origins of War in South Asia: Indo-Pakistani Conflicts Since 1947
The Origins of War in South Asia: Indo-Pakistani Conflicts Since 1947
By Sumit Ganguly
Westview Press, 1986, 182 pp.

This is a richly researched and solid analysis of the three Indo-Pakistani wars since 1947. It offers some interesting reasons why there may not be a fourth. Within Kashmir, the scene of two of the three wars, only a vocal minority now seeks independence from India while the majority party, the Kashmir National Congress, merely seeks better conditions within the Indian national framework. Thus the force of Pakistani irredentism has diminished. Also the breakup of Pakistan in 1971 and India's unquestioned military strength make it difficult for any Pakistani regime to contemplate an attack on India. Finally, the acquisition of nuclear capabilities by both sides may in fact lead to increased prudence by the two South Asian rivals.