If Gorbachev's reforms fail, says Alexander Yanov, as they will without outside help, Russia will go the way of "counter-reform" and become an oppressive, aggressive, fascist garrison-empire based on the ideology of anti-Western Russian nationalism. The rise of such a nationalist movement, the topic of his earlier The Russian New Right, is here placed in the context of the alternating trends of Russian history, and also, pertinently, in that of the continuing Western debate on how to deal with the U.S.S.R. Yanov is obviously intent on building his case and his own reputation and demonstrating the blindness of American officials and academics. But his writing is not just provocative; it is always stimulating, perhaps prophetic, and deserves a serious reading.
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