U.S. Foreign Policy and European Security; New Conventional Weapons and Western Defence

In This Review

U.S. Foreign Policy and European Security

By Arthur I. Cyr
St. Martin's, 1987
156 pp.

New Conventional Weapons and Western Defence

Edited by Ian Bellany and Tim Huxley
Frank Cass, 1987
198 pp.

The columnist Meg Greenfield wrote in 1980: "I have been trying to think of a time when the Alliance was in array." That theme-the durability of NATO through disruption and differing interests-is the center of Cyr's brief historical essay. His material is not new, but his summary is readable and his reminder apt. The Bellany-Huxley volume, the result of a project at Lancaster University's Centre for the Study of Arms Control and International Security, addresses a recent "disruption"-the development of new conventional technology. Many of the chapters are specifically British in perspective, but several raise issues for the alliance as a whole. For instance, Phil Williams argues that some new technologies-conventionally armed cruise and ballistic missiles in particular-might enhance deterrence but could also make escalation more rapid if war occurred. Thus, they would not raise the nuclear threshold in Europe; they might lower it.

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