In This Review

Oil And Mexican Foreign Policy
Oil And Mexican Foreign Policy
By George W. Grayson
University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988, 207 pp

Drawing on extensive interviews with Mexican officials and on the political science literature about "role conceptions," Grayson argues that dramatic changes in the price and availability of petroleum have shaped Mexican foreign policy in recent years. Escalating prices and revenues catalyzed Mexico's activist policy in the late 1970s, when the country sought to restructure international economic and energy relations and often took serious issue with the United States. The oil glut of the 1980s forced Mexico to become more pragmatic, moderate and accepting of the global distribution of power, and to act as a "responsible debtor" interested in greater cooperation with Washington and New York. The next few years will probably see the country emerge as a "contentious partner," as the increasing interaction between Mexico and the U.S. stirs Mexican feelings of vulnerability and produces renewed efforts by Mexico to protect its sovereignty and sense of identity.