In 1986 Gorbachev deplored the neglect of "scientific discoveries and important inventions" in almost the same words used by G. M. Malenkov in 1941. This amusing but rather ominous parallel is only one of the examples of "the intractability of . . . objectionable practices" that, according to Professor Berliner of Harvard, must "derive from some fundamental structural properties of the economic system." This collection of studies examines Soviet management and technological progress in a thoroughgoing fashion and casts much light on the difficulties Gorbachev faces in spite of the substantial advances the Soviet Union has made since the war.