In This Review

Social Change In Brazil, 1945-1985: The Incomplete Transition
Social Change In Brazil, 1945-1985: The Incomplete Transition
Edited by Edmar L. Bacha and Herbert S. Klein
University of New Mexico, 1989, 346 pp

Fourteen leading authorities, most of them Brazilians, document the massive demographic, social and economic transformations that occurred in Brazil in the four decades following World War II and focus on the shortcomings and limits of Brazil's "incomplete transition" to modernity. Although Brazil is among the ten most industrialized nations in the world today, there still exist rural areas with mortality rates like those of traditional backward societies. Although Brazil has the second-most advanced university and scientific research system of the Third World, 25 percent of the nation's population remains illiterate. Social and geographic mobility is extensive and rapid, but the nation still has one of the highest indices of inequality of income and wealth. This extremely valuable translation of a volume originally published in Brazil in 1986 is chock-full of illuminating data and helpful analysis.