Not only those Western political leaders who put their faith in the shah, but also the Western academic experts who had high hopes for the middle class, liberal nationalists who opposed him, were left holding the bag by the actual course of the Iranian Revolution. Without retelling the story of the revolution the author concentrates on seeking the reason why the liberals failed so badly. In doing so a great deal is explained about the conflicting and interacting forces of religion, nationalism, liberalism and socialism in Iranian politics before and after the fall of the shah, and in both internal and external dimensions. A superior monograph.
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