War On War: Lenin, The Zimmerwald Left, And The Origins Of Communist Internationalism

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War On War: Lenin, The Zimmerwald Left, And The Origins Of Communist Internationalism

By R. Craig Nation
Duke University Press, 1990
313 pp. $45.00
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During World War I those European socialists who opposed the war split unevenly into a moderate wing, which attempted to revive the Second International and work for peace, and a minority left wing, revolutionaries bent on transforming the imperialist war into a class war and social revolution. This well-researched account of these socialists' factional rifts, debates and conferences features Lenin as its hero, along with some of his Bolshevik comrades and other European radicals, many now long forgotten. Their arguments may seem arcane or inconsequential, but they had important results for the world, as they led to the founding in 1919 of the Communist International and confirmed the lasting schism between socialists and communists.

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