The gravamen of the report on the occupied territories is that the Israeli military has used undue force in dealing with the Palestinian uprising and has also been responsible for the excessive killing of Palestinians in other ways-e.g., in the rules issued to Israeli troops, the procedures for investigation of troop misconduct and the restrictions imposed on independent bodies attempting to monitor the situation. The evidence comes largely from Israeli and Palestinian human rights organizations as well as from the Israeli press and direct interviews. The report on Syria reaches the expected conclusion: the Assad regime has been and is a gross violator of human rights. The Middle East Watch team was denied entry to Syria but has amassed plenty of evidence to support its judgments. As for Iraq, that Saddam Hussein and his regime have had little or no regard for the human rights of Iraq's citizens or anyone else has been known since long before the invasion of Kuwait. The record is presented here in all its gory detail-repression and torture, slaughter of the Kurds and denial of basic freedoms. And it is accompanied by a question: Why was the United States, before August 1990, not more active in condemning it?
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