Although the Cold War provided the main rationale for strategic export controls, its end will not lead to their quick removal. These good papers by people of various nationalities are most helpful in tracing some of the changes that have to be taken into account. Although most of the authors are cautious in their recommendations, one of the most experienced, Philip Hanson of the University of Birmingham, quite wisely warns that as a result of new complexities, "if it has been difficult in the past to reach agreement, I think that in the near future it will for a time be impossible. Still, we have to try. . . ."