Genocide-the attempt to eliminate a national or ethnic group substantially if not completely-is still very much with us, this work reminds. Witness the Kurds in Iraq, the killing fields of the Khmer Rouge and the Hutus in Burundi. Indeed one can ask if the current rise of ethnic conflict will not increase genocidal massacres. This original book focuses, properly, less on the criteria in international law, where the issue has already been addressed, than on the question of what can be done. Interesting suggestions are made regarding constructive roles that can be played by nongovernmental organizations as watchdogs and by the press as a conduit to the world conscience.