The author is an Egyptian economist with Arab nationalist, leftist credentials. In today's Middle East his secular style of analysis-filled with references to imperialism, the bourgeoisie, aggressive Zionism-is losing ground but still has the capacity to expose some of the contradictions and dilemmas of Arab development. But the author's belief that Arab unity, based on new social forces, can lead the Arab world toward a self-reliant economic future free of the world capitalist system seems very romantic. Even he seems to think it is impossible. Along the way a lot of rewriting of history takes place.