Exaggerated in the past, reliance on the civilian application of scientific and technological work done for military purposes will be inadequate in the future. After a thorough examination of the characteristics of dual-use technology, the experienced authors of this thoughtful book-John Alic, Lewis Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton Carter and Gerald Epstein-recommend changes that move in two directions. They suggest in considerable detail how dual-use technology can be made to contribute more effectively than in the past to the competitiveness of the civilian economy. And they outline new tasks for the government, including certain types of investment, that will serve the same purposes. This is an original and stimulating book.