After several decades of military rule in numerous Third World countries, the trend seems to be reversing itself. Politicians and other civilian leaders have come to power in places where the uniform has been retired from the president's palace. This compendium looks at the experience of thirteen nations on four continents where such change has taken place. The present trend towards democratization and free market economies, it is suggested, is the result of the inability of closed military regimes to deal adequately with the economic needs of their nations. But if civilians can do no better, then do we face a return to the military?