During the 1980s, Israel's Likud government and a like-minded Reagan Administration promoted the idea that Israel and the United States were "strategic allies" against the Soviet Union and its surrogates. There was always some hype in the way this alliance was touted, and the 1990-91 Gulf War raised questions about how the two partners would deal with real-life contingencies that threatened their interests. Still, many programs were initiated in the name of strategic cooperation. The author of this well-researched monograph raises the sensible question of what remains of the strategic rationale for the relationship now that the Cold War is over. Her conclusion is that much of the relationship is likely to endure, provided that Israel and the United States continue to cooperate in the peace process. By linking the development of strategic cooperation to political context, the author makes a real contribution.