In This Review

Cultivation of Hatred: The Bourgeois Experience, Victoria to Freud
Cultivation of Hatred: The Bourgeois Experience, Victoria to Freud
By Peter Gay
W. W. Norton & Company, 1993, 685 pp

In the third volume of his exploration of The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud, Peter Gay moves the focus of his study from love to aggression in all its manifestations in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and to the efforts of bourgeois societies to channel or tame it. Gays erudition takes the reader through a long, fascinating, at times horrendous journey that begins with student dueling in Germany, ends with modern nationalism, and passes through racism, flogging, the punishment of criminals, the sublimation of aggression in political culture, male myths about women, the uses of wit and sports, the rise of specialization and the celebration of character. Informed by but not subservient to Freud, Gays work is a sweeping and disturbing contribution to the history of mentalities.