This is an account of the policy debates in China over economic reform during the 1980s and how those debates are related to policy struggles at the very top of the Chinese leadership. According to Fewsmith, the central political rivalry in the Deng era has been between Deng himself and another octogenarian veteran of the Long March era, Chen Yun. Although the two were closely allied at the beginning of the reform period after Mao's death, their relationship has steadily deteriorated. While Deng has emphasized bold experimentation with reform, rapid integration of China with the world economy and extensive marketization, Chen has wanted to maintain the leading role of the state sector and fears excessive economic and political dependency on the outside world.
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