Among the states of the Middle East, Turkey is often pointed to as a success story in terms of its economic and political development. But recent problems with the Kurds have raised questions about the success of the national experiment. Even in secular Turkey, Islamist forces are making themselves felt. This excellent account will provide an interpretive framework and much historical context for understanding modern Turkey. Most of the book, however, is concerned with how Turkey made the transition from center of a declining empire to a vigorous modernizing state under Mustafa Kemal.