To be skeptical about democracy in Iraq is easy. Getting rid of Saddam Hussein is proving to be extraordinarily difficult, and the next Iraqi government will probably not be democratic. But many Iraqi thinkers and politicians are committed to fundamental change, and this collection of essays represents some of the most enlightened of them. The book serves as a reminder that a vigorous debate is now under way in the Middle East about how to produce more representative and accountable governments. More than just political statements, these essays are often reflective, self-critical, and analytical. If Iraq is someday to enjoy the fruits of democracy, some of these authors will have helped to make it happen.