A conference volume based on two-year-old papers by leading Syria specialists. The common concern of most authors is economic liberalization. Will Syria find that opening its economy, as it is now doing, entails political liberalization as well, or will the Chinese model of economic liberalization without a political opening hold? On balance, the authors do not see any necessary evolution on the political front, although some see that change is inevitable over the longer term, especially once President Assad has left the scene. On balance, a very solid collection.