This is one of the most thoroughly researched, thoughtful, and balanced accounts of the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan in many years. It concludes with a number of recommendations for breaking the stalemate that has now lasted for almost half a century. The author urges both India and Pakistan to reduce their military threat in Kashmir. And he notes, on the positive side, that in 1992 there was a partial cease-fire because of mutual fears of the possibility of escalating conflict. The more pessimistic scenario, however, is that India will seek to crush the separatist movement in Kashmir while ending all talk of negotiation while Pakistan continues to play the spoiler.