In 1990, Victor Ostrovsky wrote By Way of Deception, which contained convincing tidbits about Mossad recruitment methods and operations. How much was true could not easily be determined, but some Israelis close to Mossad were very unhappy that it had been published. Now the author says that the present book is part of an effort to discredit a right-wing faction within Mossad and was done in cooperation with a moderate Mossad faction with whom he was in touch since his supposed departure from the spy agency in 1986. Why should anyone believe that this book is any more genuine than the previous one? It suffers from some of the same flaws: extensive quotations of conversations based on memory and, supposedly, notes. It attributes enormous power to Mossad, along with a total lack of moral scruples and political control. And there is almost no way of checking the truth of his assertions, some of which are very dramatic, including a plan to assassinate President Bush. No doubt some of this book is true, but to sort out fact from deception is extremely difficult. A common thread in the two books is the author's high opinion of himself.