Frequently dismissed by governments and foreign policy professionals, community development initiatives constitute a new layer of international civil society that is becoming an important autonomous actor. Supporting mostly environmental, antinuclear, feminist, or "balanced development" objectives, CDIs link activists in wealthy developed countries with their counterparts in the Third World, often making extensive use of new communications technologies to channel support and advice. A strong CDI proponent, Shuman does not mention less benign groups like the Shining Path's support network in Europe. However, these groups deserve to be taken seriously as an increasingly important part of the post-Cold War terrain.
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