Both the Sudanese government and the two rebel movements fighting for control of southern Sudan have flagrantly violated the rights of children by forcibly recruiting many hundreds of child soldiers, according to this Human Rights Watch report. Moreover, the report shows that the Sudanese government tolerates the enslavement of southern and Nuba children captured in military raids and engages in the indiscriminate detention and ill-treatment of youths who are often inaccurately deemed to be street children. Many non-Muslims detained in camps for street children are forced to adopt Muslim names and convert to Islam. Going beyond the neglect of these abuses, most of which violate its own laws, the government denies that the abuses exist. Human Rights Watch calls on the Sudanese to end these violations, and on the United Nations and nongovernmental organizations to sustain their efforts to defend children's rights in this violence-torn country.