In This Review

Integrating Gender: Women, Law, and Politics in the European Union
Integrating Gender: Women, Law, and Politics in the European Union
By Catherine Hoskyns
Verso, 1996, 248 pp

This fascinating study of "the development of the European Union's policy on women's rights from its origins in Article 119 of the Treaty of Rome on equal pay, through its current spread of policy initiatives, legislative provisions and funding programmes" is a useful addition both to the growing literature on feminist politics and to the works devoted to the actual policies of the European Union (rather than to the contending theories that aim at explaining its nature). The author shows that despite a great deal of male resistance, and even though "there is no participatory political system" into which transnational interest groups can feed, women have skillfully "raised their voices and used legal channels and policy instruments . . . to generate social change in ways undreamed of by the pragmatists who drafted the Treaty of Rome." Hoskyns realizes that further "integration of gender" depends on further changes in the national societies, but she also shows how the European Union can widen "cracks in the edifice." Particularly interesting are her evaluation of the role of the European Court of Justice (less progressive here than in other areas of constitutional interpretation) and her chapter on the treatment, and organization, of black and migrant women.