The historiography of American involvement in the Middle East is coming of age. Archives are being opened, new understanding of old issues is now possible, and the politicization that colored some Cold War-era scholarship is fading. This collection of original essays looks at a wide range of issues, from the earliest years of this century to the very recent past. As is inevitable in such a broad survey, the results are uneven. But on the whole, they meet a high standard of professionalism. A welcome collection.