A detailed and at times harrowing examination of the Mexican government's role in and responsibility for rural violence. Even where private citizens are involved in assassinations, abductions, threats, and expulsions, government officials have facilitated abusive acts, failed to prosecute, and used the judicial system for partisan ends. Looking in particular at Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, and Sinaloa, this report reveals an ugly social reality that has been largely ignored as Mexico has struggled with political, economic, and legal reforms, and it castigates the Zedillo administration for its neglect. This powerful indictment argues that the protection of human rights must be placed on the Mexican government's reform agenda, and nowhere more so than in the rural areas. Conflicts over religious and political differences, counterinsurgency, and disputes over land and other community resources have provoked widespread human rights violations, with both the Catholic Church as well as Pentecostals subjected to vicious assault, especially in Chiapas.