In This Review

Ways of War and Peace: Realism, Liberalism, and Socialism
Ways of War and Peace: Realism, Liberalism, and Socialism
By Michael W. Doyle
W. W. Norton, 1997, 557 pp

Doyle, the leading theorist of the "liberal peace" school, has written a superb analysis of the realist, liberal, and socialist views of international politics, with extensive chapters on all the classical thinkers from Thucydides and Machiavelli through Kant and Lenin. Avoiding the reductionism and pigeon-holing characteristic of many surveys of this sort, he recognizes, for instance, that Thucydides was actually a complex realist who understood the importance of domestic institutions. (The author could, however, have gone much further in analyzing Thucydides' views of the moral basis of domestic and international order.) The book concludes by showing how each tradition's principles could be applied to contemporary policy questions like development assistance and intervention, though the one extended discussion of the latter, the 1983 U.S. intervention in Grenada, is at this point rather dated.