In This Review

African Foreign Policies
African Foreign Policies
Edited by Stephen Wright
Westview, 1998, 256 pp

A useful overview of foreign policy issues in individual African countries. Although the collection falls short of developing a coherent foreign policy framework for the entire continent, the contributors can at least agree on the obvious: Africa's increasing economic and political marginalization, its ongoing need for effective peacekeeping, and its dependence on multilateral financial institutions. A few authors suggest that some African states could turn weakness into strength by taking the growing Western reluctance to intervene as an opportunity to search for African solutions to African problems, particularly through regional organizations. Some authors note that the retreat of authoritarian one-party rule could open up foreign policy to the influence of nongovernmental organizations, which may press for more enlightened courses of action. The best chapter is Christopher Clapham's comparison of Ethiopia and Eritrea, which predates but anticipates their current confrontation.