In This Review

Defending the Spirit: A Black Life in America
Defending the Spirit: A Black Life in America
By Randall Robinson
Plume, 1999, 320 pp

A sharp, angry look at American foreign policy by the head of TransAfrica, the lobby established in 1977 to build African-American influence on policies affecting Africa and the Caribbean. Robinson's bitterness about racism in America colors his sometimes simplistic views on U.S. policy and those who make it, but his courage and success in helping to mobilize national momentum for principled action on South Africa and Haiti are undeniable. TransAfrica's more recent focus on human rights in Nigeria also represents an important effort to exert leadership in a policy area where public opinion, both black and white, has been confused and uninformed.