This extremely useful and authoritative volume provides a coherent account of the history of biological weapons programs and the attempts to control them. It looks at the policies of the major powers as well as at key regional actors such as Israel and India. In terms of the current debates, of particular value is a history of the attempts to find out what Iraq has been up to and a discussion of the challenges to implementing the Biological Weapons Convention. The underlying message is that the problem goes wider than the known anti-Western "rogues" and terrorists, and that multilateralism offers more prospects than does unilateralism -- even at the risk of inconveniencing the pharmaceutical industry. Those resistant to the message will still find much of value in this book and gain greater awareness of the difficulties encountered by counterproliferation attempts -- for example, the Soviet Union's deliberate violation of the convention.