In This Review

Sweden and National Liberation in Southern Africa, Volume II: Solidarity and Assistance 1970-1994
Sweden and National Liberation in Southern Africa, Volume II: Solidarity and Assistance 1970-1994
By Tor Sellstrom
Transaction Publishers, 2002, 912 pp

This remarkable book is part of a series that exhaustively details the history of Nordic aid to anticolonial movements in southern Africa. Sweden, which alone contributed more than half a billion dollars to these groups, realized early on that South Africa's African National Congress, for example, was a government-in-waiting, and from the early 1970s became its largest supplier of nonmilitary assistance. The story of how these funds were targeted, dispersed, spent, and accounted for sheds new light on the internal workings of the recipient groups, as well as on the underappreciated skill of the Swedes -- in government agencies, trade unions, churches, and solidarity groups -- who built close relationships with key African leaders. Internal Swedish politics receive attention, as does the infiltration of the Swedish-backed International University Exchange Fund by a South African spy. A monumental contribution to liberation history.¶