The next U.S. administration will have many high-priority issues on its agenda: the financial crisis and the economic recession, the war in Iraq, the proliferation of nuclear weapons, would-be terrorists, energy dependence, and climate change. Policies toward poor countries and global poverty risk being lost in the clutter. This book aims at avoiding that by laying out a broad but coherent agenda that, in the views of its 16 contributors, the United States should adopt. It covers policies toward trade, investment, immigration, climate change, intellectual property related to drugs, health, education, corruption, fragile states, and, of course, foreign aid. Some of the proposals would be expensive, others surprisingly cheap. The proposals reflect the thoughtful analysis and considered judgment of the senior staff of the Center for Global Development. They offer a worthy agenda that one hopes will not get lost in the press of other business.