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Capsule Review

Troubled Triangle: The United States, Turkey, and Israel in the New Middle East

In This Review

Troubled Triangle: The United States, Turkey, and Israel in the New Middle East
Troubled Triangle: The United States, Turkey, and Israel in the New Middle East
Edited by William B. Quandt
Just World Books, 2011, 159 pp. $18.00 Purchase

Was there ever a strategic triangle linking Israel, Turkey, and the United States? If so, has it become troubled? Those questions are addressed in this useful volume by experts on the foreign policies of the three countries and the domestic politics that shape those foreign policies. A number of interpretations emerge. The triangle was never equilateral. Washington “provided the incentive and the glue” that held it together. The Israeli-Turkish “alliance” is troubled, but neither side seeks a complete break. The pro-Israel commentariat in the United States has shifted from supporting to attacking Turkey. Changes in Turkish foreign policy are better understood as a response to post–Cold War realities than as resulting from the rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), the party with Islamist roots that has been in power since 2002. The AKP’s leaders believe the United States “went to war in Iraq to create a Kurdish state and divide Turkey.” Iranians (the subject of a separate chapter) continue to believe that the “ultimate interest of the United States is regime change.”

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