Smith and Selee lead a team of authors in assessing just how far Mexico’s political, economic, and security policies have developed and how they influence U.S.-Mexico diplomacy and the bilateral relationship more broadly. Particularly strong are the chapters on trade, economic development, and crime, which deftly summarize and analyze these policy areas over the last few decades. Also interesting is a chapter by Smith that explains current theories of global power and where Mexico fits within them. Mexico’s new president, Enrique Peña Nieto, is in the early months of a six-year term, and as his government struggles to balance an ambitious economic agenda with the ongoing challenges of insecurity and violence, the historically grounded perspectives in this book can serve as important correctives to ephemeral news reports and commentary, pointing to the factors that will truly shape outcomes in Mexico and its relations with the United States. The book might be of less value to general readers, but to those with an academic interest in its subject, it fills a welcome niche.