As the Internet and social media have surged in Chinese civilian life since the 1990s, communications technology has also taken an important place in Chinese war planning. The Chinese term for cyber-enabled warfare is “war under conditions of informatization.” Cheng expertly interprets the wealth of data available in Chinese-language open sources on what this means in practice, including not only the use of technology to gather battlefield intelligence, coordinate joint operations by different military arms, and assist in targeting but also its use to influence public attitudes in target countries, conduct espionage, and gain access to adversaries’ military and civilian cyber-infrastructures. The boundary is also blurring between external warfare and internal control. As technology advances, information warfare becomes as all-encompassing as information itself.
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