This informative book provides a survey of how globalization has enabled the spread of disease and of the concurrent development of global public health practices and institutions. Travelers have spread contagious diseases for centuries. The Republic of Venice introduced the first formal form of quarantine in the fourteenth century during the Black Death. Unsurprisingly, the first period of modern globalization—with the great expansion of trade and travel by steamship in the early twentieth century—coincided with the global influenza pandemic. The predecessor of the World Health Organization was created at this time to track and report outbreaks of threatening diseases. A new phase of globalization has knit the world closer together in the last 30 years, and governments, multilateral institutions such as the who, and international law have concomitantly evolved to better tackle the spread of fatal diseases such as AIDS, Ebola, SARS, and Zika.