In This Review

The Weaponisation of Everything: A Field Guide to the New Way of War
The Weaponisation of Everything: A Field Guide to the New Way of War
By Mark Galeotti
Yale University Press, 2022, 248 pp.

Galeotti, an expert on all things Russian, would no doubt accept that his analysis of how relatively bloodless forms of conflict are supplanting interstate war may seem dated after the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Yet this is still a valuable and accessible guide to the insidious methods adopted regularly by the Russians and others to wage war by more covert means. The use of espionage, propaganda, bribery, counterfeiting, and extortion, often developed in collaboration with criminals, is hardly new. Galeotti provides historical precedents, including from Renaissance Italy, and reflects on how the Internet, social media, and the interconnectedness of modern societies have provided new opportunities to manipulate all aspects of everyday life. Unlike other writers on this topic, Galeotti is not in awe of these techniques: they often achieve far less than intended and can backfire on the perpetrators. With greater vigilance, Western democracies can not only fend off this subtle form of warfare but also turn it against their adversaries.