Courtesy Reuters


Questioning the Wisdom of American Restraint

Purchase Review

"Money can't buy happiness," the old saying goes, and anyone who doubts that this is sometimes true should conduct a Google search for "lottery winners horror stories." He or she will find accounts of people for whom a great financial windfall led to misery, bankruptcy, and even suicide. In international relations, power is the equivalent of money -- highly desired, actively sought, and eagerly used. The theme of three new books about power and U.S. foreign policy is that as with money, so with power: a great deal of it does not necessarily bring success.

It can even have the opposite effect. Powerful countries can and do carry out foreign policies that fail, making them less prosperous, less respected, and, ultimately, less powerful. In each of the books, the prime example of the dangers of power, the equivalent of the lottery winners destroyed by riches, is the United States during the George W. Bush administration. For all three authors, the essence of what Christopher Preble calls "the power problem" is that the United States has too much of it.

Each author advocates a foreign policy different from the one Bush conducted. Each calls for more modest aims and wider international cooperation. And although each severely criticizes the Bush administration, all find evidence of the drawbacks of power in the policies of other administrations and in the histories of other countries as well. The three books have another important feature in common: each is backward-looking. Although they do not seem

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In This Review

Superpower Illusions: How Myths and False Ideologies Led America Astray -- and How to Return to Reality
Jack F. Matlock Jr.
Yale University Press, 2010
368 pp. $30.00
The Power Curse: Influence and Illusion in World Politics
Giulio M. Gallarotti
Lynne Rienner, 2010
2,007 pp. $22.00
The Power Problem: How American Military Dominance Makes Us Less Safe, Less Prosperous, and Less Free
Christopher A. Preble
Cornell University Press, 2009
232 pp. $25.00

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