In This Review

The Moral Equivalent of War, and other Essays
The Moral Equivalent of War, and other Essays
By William James
208 pp, Harper & Row, 1971
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A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East
A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East
By David Fromkin
672 pp, Holt Paperbacks, 2001
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Two Kinds of Time
Two Kinds of Time
By Graham Peck
725 pp, University of Washington Press, 2008
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Chinese Lessons: Five Classmates and the Story of the New China
Chinese Lessons: Five Classmates and the Story of the New China
By John Pomfret
336 pp, Holt Paperbacks, 2007
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Mr. China: A Memoir
Mr. China: A Memoir
By Tim Clissold
288 pp, Harper Paperbacks, 2006
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Confessions: An Innocent Life in Communist China
Confessions: An Innocent Life in Communist China
By Kang Zhengguo
480 pp, W. W. Norton & Company, 2008
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Spring Snow
Spring Snow
By Yukio Mishima
400 pp, Vintage, 1990
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Po-On
Po-On
By F. Sionil Jose
0 pp, Solidaridad Publishing House, Manila, Philippines, 1993
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James' century-old essay The Moral Equivalent of War is, even today, the clearest examination of the major American political and cultural challenge of the coming years: how to evoke the wartime virtues of shared commitment and a willingness to accept long-term effort, without actually going to war. This is worth reading for its relevance to twenty-first-century America.

For a part of the world I do not know firsthand, Fromkin's A Peace to End All Peace provides a mental road map of the tensions left over from the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, many of which are still unresolved. For a part of the world I know better, Peck's Two Kinds of Time, a brilliantly written (and illustrated, with the author's drawings) saga of travels through pre-communist China, puts into perspective how much has changed in China, and how much has not. Pomfret's Chinese Lessons and Clissold's Mr. China are the two next books people should read to assess the pluses and minuses of China's rise, followed by Confessions by Kang. Long after I read it, I still think of Mishima's The Sea of Fertility, a quartet of novels, when I think about Japan and its prospects. Americans need a richer understanding of how international relations look to those who feel powerless. José's great Rosales series of novels about the Philippines provides that, plus great humor.

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