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Review Essay

No Small Change

How to Manage the Costs of Innovation

In This Review

Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies
Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies
By Calestous Juma
Oxford University Press, 2016, 432 pp. Purchase

Regulators everywhere are going after Uber, a fast-growing ride-sharing platform. China, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, and Norway have outlawed the app, while Australia, Dubai, India, and Taiwan have severely limited its operations. Even in the United States, several municipalities have questioned the legality of the cab services provided by the San Francisco-based firm. Cab drivers themselves have spurred much of this response: through blockades, lawsuits, and physical assaults, they have pushed policymakers to address supposedly unfair competition. As a London cabbie put it during a march against Uber in 2016, “Why has this American company come here and been given free rein?”

Such a vigorous reaction was predictable. Uber and apps like it are disrupting one of the world’s most protected industries. For decades, taxi drivers the world over have invested financial capital in gaining the support of public officials in order to curtail the number of driving licenses for

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